The Complete Guide to Ball Valves


This guide has been designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the Stainless Steel Ball Valves available, the associated spare parts as well as their uses. Its Purpose is to provide the necessary information required in order to select the correct ball valve for a particular application.


What is a Ball Valve?

A Ball valve is a type of shut-off valve that is used to control flow where a simple ‘on’ or ‘off’ flow is required. They are easy to operate and can "shut off" or "open" flow with a simple 90 degree turn of the handle. The name is derived from the spherical internal ball that has a hole bored-through it, which rotates to open and close the flow. They are versatile able to transfer liquids and gasses in a wide pressure and temperature range. They are reliable, capable of repeating the same function of sealing well after many cycles, even after extended periods of disuse. They are durable and have a long and predictable service life.


Types of Ball Valves


1-Piece Ball Valve

Standard Port


2-Piece Ball Valve

Full Port


3-Piece Ball Valve

Full Port


3-Way Ball Valves

Reduced Port


How Does a Ball Valve Work?


They Utilize a hollow ball that rotates allowing a flow through it when aligned and stops the flow when it is in a closed position. A quick 90 Degree turn of the handle is all that is needed to fully open or close the valve flow. When the handle is parallel and in-line with the pipe, then the valve is open. When the handle is perpendicular and at right angles to the pipe, then the valve is closed. It is this 90° turn either clock wise or anti-clockwise to open or shut the flow of the valve ,that led them to also be known as quarter-turn valves. The valve has an internal rotary ball with a hollow bore running through the center. This Inner ball is connected to the handle via a stem. So by turning the handle the ball rotates and when the hollow bore is aligned with the pipe and the in same direction as the flow, then the flow is open, and when the bore is perpendicular to the flow, then flow is shut off.